Gingivitis – A Gum Problem

Gingivitis – A Gum Problem

It is a very common event in everyone’s life to see swollen or bleeding gums when you get up to brush your teeth. This problem with your gums, due to inflammation is called Gingivitis. At least one member in every household would be suffering from this problem. If is not treated at the nick of time it can aggravate to become a serious gum disease like peiodontitis. Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease wherein you suffer inflammation as well as infection of gums.

Plaque is a sticky film made up of bacteria. It is found on your teeth when sugar and starch in your food comes in contact with the bacteria primarily found in your mouth. Plaque once removed can be easily formed within 24 hrs. When these sticky films of plaque are not removed on time they harden under your gum line to form tartar. Not maintaining simple oral hygiene is one of the main causes of gingivitis. If proper care is taken you can avoid the plaque deposits, which are long term effects of gingivitis.

Gingivitis is one of the major causes of tooth decay. The combination of plaque and tartar can irritate your gums causing gingiva. Gums get terribly damaged due to bacteria and toxin bacteria making it swollen and tender (a reason for bleeding gums).

There are different levels of gingivitis varying from mild, moderate and severe. Anybody to everybody is affected by this problem. It is said to develop during the time of puberty or when there is an increase in hormones i.e. during early period of adulthood. This mainly depends how sound your teeth and gums are.

Diabetes increases your chances of having gingivitis. Having dry mouth increases the risk of gum disease. Having a weak immunity can also cause this problem to arise. To avoid such a face off with death, proper oral hygiene would help you in the long run.

Common Signs and Symptoms

-Suffering with mouth sores
-Swollen gums
-Bleeding gums while brushing
-Tender/soft gums
-Change in color of the gums

Basic Preventive Measures

-Maintaining good oral hygiene
-Brush your teeth twice a day
-Floss your teeth
-Avoid too much sweet and starchy food
-Eat more fruits and vegetables
-Get dental check-up twice in a year

Home Remedies you can try

A mixture of baking soda with little water should be applied on your gums with your finger. Once this is done, brush your teeth to remove the bacterial waste for sparkling effect.

Mix 3% solution of Hydrogen peroxide with equal amounts of water. Swish, not swallow, this solution in your mouth for 30 seconds. This helps to kill the bacteria.

You can brush your gums and teeth with Aloe Vera gel for better effects. It helps in reduction of plaque formation as well as works as a healing agent.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautions while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using if you are allergic to something. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Prescribed Meds & Its Effects On Your Mouth

Prescribed Meds & Its Effects On Your Mouth

Some medications can affect your teeth and gums. It is mainly because of the composition of the medicine that you are taking in. When you are experiencing any of these, you should consult the doctor so that it will be treated immediately. So, what are the common effects of the medications to the teeth and the gums?
Abnormal Bleeding. Some medications like the anticoagulants and the aspirin can cause the gums to have an abnormal bleeding. They lessen the clotting ability of the blood and this leads to abnormal bleeding during an oral surgery. Before undergoing any surgical procedure in the mouhth, it’s important to let your dentist know that you are taking in some aspirins or anticoagulants so that precautions can be done to minimize the bleeding of your gums. Also, when brushing your teeth, you should use a toothbrush with soft bristles to reduce the gum bleeding.
Tissue Reactions. If you are taking in some medications for blood pressure, chemotherapy, oral contraceptives and immunosuppressive agents, there is a possibility that you can develop some tissue reactions on your gums. Your gums can be inflamed, you can develop a mouth sore, or the tissues on your gums and your mouth can have some discoloration. When having this kind of medication effect, you should let your dentist know it beforehand. A special dental care will be prescribed to you to ease the pain or the discomfort that you are feeling and to prevent these tissue reactions as much as possible.
Gum Swelling. The gum enlargement can occur when you are taking medications for epilepsy and other antiseizures, cardiovascular medications such as calcium channel blockers, and immunosuppressant drugs. The gum enlargement may sometimes cause you to feel uncomfortable. Also, an enlarged gum is more sensitive than a normal gum. While you are taking any of these medications that can cause gum enlargement, you should take an extra care when brushing your teeth and flossing. The best solution for this medication effect is to consult your dentist so that he or she can give you the specific dental instructions to treat this gum enlargement.
Tooth Cavity Risks. Medications that contain sugar, especially those that are prescribed to kids, can cause the cavity to form on the teeth. The medicines that contain sugar include antacid tablets, cough drops, chewable tablets, antifungal agents, and vitamins. Taking in too much of these medicines can lead to the formation of cavities on the teeth.
To avoid having cavities while taking these medicines, it is best to drink these medicines in the tablet form and they should be taken in after having a meal so that you can brush your teeth afterwards. Do not take in these medicines just before going to bed. The sugar will be left on the teeth and that will lead to the formation of the cavity. You can also chew a sugarless gum as an alternative for brushing your teeth.
Teeth and Gum Discoloration. There are some drugs also that can alter or change the color of your gums and teeth. Some of medicines include the minocycline, a treatment for acne, and the chlorhexidine, a gum disease treatment. The minocycline leaves a black pigmentation on the gums. Also, it leaves a grayish color on the teeth. The chlorhexidine, on the other hand, can leave a stain on the teeth.
Discuss a tooth-whitening procedure with your dentist if you want to remove the stains that were left on your teeth.

Smoking and Gum Disease

Smoking and Gum Disease

If you think that smoking and only have effect on the heart and lung, you better think again. Recent studies have proved that smoking and gum disease are connected. Although the connection of smoking and gum disease is very well known, experts had just recently done a national study to prove the connection between smoking and gum disease. Researchers say that although smoking is one of the risk factor of gum disease, it is the “one” factor that is influenced by the individual who have gum disease.
Lots and lots of opinions have come out regarding the connection of smoking and gum disease. The nicotine and smoke of tobacco can cause constriction of the blood vessels, thus, reducing the distribution of oxygen and nutrients to the gum tissue. Cigarette smoking or chewing spit tobacco can also reduce the ability of the body to fight infections. Another study also proves that smokers are more prone to specific bacteria that can cause more aggressive gum disease.
The impact of all the research is that smokers have the highest possibility to have gum disease (making ex smokers having the second highest probability and non smokers last). Former smokers and non smokers also have better response to treatment of gum disease than those individuals who still smoke, thereby concluding that, individuals with gum disease that stopped smoking have better chance of achieving success with gum disease therapy than those who did not. Individuals who are currently active in smoking are four times more apt to have gum disease.
Researchers say that the link that connect smoking and gum disease is very much apparent. Recent studies shows that fifty-five percent of the study subject that has gum diseases were current smokers and almost twenty-two percent were ex smokers. The current smokers that average more than one to one and a half pack of cigarettes per day have six times more apt to have gum diseases than the subjects who do not smoke. And those who consume less than a pack a day have three times more probability to have gum disease.
The linkage between smoking and gum disease is caused by the suppression of the immune system of the body because of the tobacco, which reduces its ability against infection. Smoking also slows down the healing process of the gum tissue because it restricts the growth of the blood vessels.
Currents smoker are known to have worse oral and gum condition than those who do not smoke. Quitting smoking and exercising regular oral hygiene routine is very important for the well being of your gums. You don’t only save the physical condition of your teeth and gums; you also save your health. It is time that you throw away that vice and have a clean and healthy lifestyle.

Dealing Well With Gingivitis While Pregnant

Dealing Well With Gingivitis While Pregnant

How prevent gingivitis during pregnancy? This is one major concern for women who are expecting a child. There’s serious reason why they need to be prepared because most cases reflect that the onset of gingivitis only come at such stages of motherhood. This article gives you the idea and guidelines on how to prevent gingivitis during pregnancy. Gingivitis is an oral disease and usually a disease of the gums that surround the teeth. This is also a periodontal disease that affects the gum tissues and when becomes chronic it will lead to receding gums and could cause permanent damage to teeth. Bacteria cause the inflammation of the gums and bacteria often attack your gums when you eat acidic foods like fruit juices, drinking coffee, tea and alcohol. Smoking also could trigger bacteria to form in your mouth.
Gingivitis is very common to pregnant mothers because of improper oral hygiene and hormonal change. It usually takes place in the early stage of pregnancy. If you are suffering from gum disease during pregnancy you may develop pregnancy complications and could cause low birth weight for your infant or baby. You could also experience pre-term labor if you are suffering from gingivitis in your pregnancy stage. Usually, gingivitis also ends after delivery of the child and study shows bacteria could induce labor to pregnant women.
Here are guidelines in preventing gingivitis when you are pregnant like oral health education, Oral hygiene, nutrition and fluoride, transmission of bacteria, treating, existing tooth decay and the use of certain gum. If you will follow these guidelines in preventing gingivitis during your pregnancy, you will have a healthy pregnancy. You will not worry also of the effect of gingivitis in you and in your baby.
For oral health education, you will be attended by the healthcare providers will induct counseling for prevention of gingivitis to pregnant mothers by providing tools and resources to understand oral health care. Oral hygiene is very effective prevention for gingivitis and it involves brushing of teeth at least two to three times a day after meals. Flossing of teeth is also effective for this condition when you are pregnant. You could also treat your existing tooth decay when you are pregnant. It safe to have tooth extraction when pregnant and do not be afraid to consult your dentist when you are in the stage of pregnancy.
Healthcare providers could also educate pregnant women about using toothpaste with fluoride. The best age of a person to start using toothpaste with fluoride starts from six years old and must continue using this until your pregnancy. Alcohol-free oral rinse is also effective to reduce plaque that could cause tooth decay. It is not also advisable to pregnant women not to share food and utensils to avoid bacteria transmission that could cause tooth decay. Pregnant women are also encouraged to chew gums for at least four times a day. Choose a gum recommended by your dentist and do not use an ordinary gum that can be bought in the market. There is a gum intended that could decrease tooth decay.
Talk to your dentist and have a regular check to prevent gingivitis to ruin your life before, and during pregnancy. By understanding a guide to prevent gingivitis during pregnancy, you will not suffer from it.

Nutritional Cure for Gum Disease

Nutritional Cure for Gum Disease

Periodontal disease or popularly known as gum disease affects one in every three individual who are over 30 years of age in the United States. Gum disease in the inflammation of the gums by which could lead to tooth loss or even heart disease. The most common symptom of gum disease is the bleeding or pain of the gums. However some periodontal disease does not inhibit pain making the individual unaware that he or she already has gum disease. As a matter of fact, gum disease is responsible for more tooth loss to individuals who are over 30 than dental cavities.
However, nutritional cure for gum disease may be possible. Eating foods rich in vitamin C can help relieve gum disease because vitamin C is an antioxidant. Also, vitamin C can lower the risk of developing severe gingivitis. It is well known among dental professionals that vitamin C and gum disease are related. Vitamin C is needed to repair the connective fibers and it also hastens the regeneration of the damaged bone.
Another nutritional cure for gum disease is vitamin D. vitamin D has some anti-inflammatory properties that helps soothes the inflamed gums. Also, recent studies show that high vitamin D level in the blood can lessen the bleeding of the gums. Sun exposure is one of the most abundant sources of vitamin D. Experts recommend a total of 10 to 15 minutes of exposure done twice weekly can meet the recommended amount of vitamin D.
Folic acid is also a nutritional cure for gum disease. Folic acid when taken in a form of a capsule can be very effective. Rinsing the mouth with a folic acid solution can also reduce the bleeding and inflammation of the gums. On the other hand, folic acid in capsule form has no effect on pregnant women who have gum disease. Only the mouthwash solution is effective on pregnant women.
Some doctors recommend calcium as a nutritional cure for gum disease. A 500 milligram intake of calcium twice a day in a span of six months can reduce the symptoms of gum disease. Although calcium can reduce the bleeding of the gums and tooth loss, it has little effect on most cases.
Cranberry juice is a good nutritional cure for gum disease. Cranberries helps fight gum disease by preventing bacteria from sticking on the teeth. A recommended four ounces of cranberry juice a day is sufficient enough to prevent gum disease.
Experts recommend that you consult your doctor for proper nutritional cure for gum disease to prevent any complication on the gum disease. Follow the doctor’s advice and visit your dentist regularly to monitor the progress of the gum problem. Remember, gum disease may and can lead to heart problems. Take good care of your gums to have a healthy heart.

Taking care of your dog’s teeth and gums

Taking care of your dog's teeth and gums

Clean teeth and gums are very important to the overall health of your dog. Here is some information on the most common dental problems in dogs and ways of treating them.

Common dental problems

– Periodontitis

It is very common among dogs to have gum disease. At the age of two or three, many dogs have either periodontitis or gingivitis.

The most common dental problem for canines is periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease. The disease is caused by various factors: plaque, food debris, cell mucus, and a mixture of bacteria. This results in a film characterized by milky-white on the dog's teeth as well as the gums. When this film gets combined with saliva, the plaque it causes becomes tartar, and very hard to remove.

– Gingivitis

Gingivitis, also known as gum disease, happens when gum tissue suffers from an inflammation. Without treatment, it can lead to periodontitis, teeth loosening, bone loss, and ultimately, loss of teeth.

– Tooth fractures

Tooth fractures occur when dogs chew hard substances, such as hard rocks and cow hooves. The fractures result to infection inside the broken tooth, which is known as the endodontic disease.

How to prevent dental problems

Your dog can fight off these dental problems by removing the plaque before it actually develops as tartar. How to do it? The most effective way is by brushing the teeth of your dog in a mechanical fashion. The brushing would reduce much of the bacteria presence in the mouth, not to mention making your dog's breath smell sweeter. Make it a habit of brushing your dogs' teeth on a daily basis.

Toothpaste. There are toothpaste products made especially for dogs. Brush your pet's teeth using dog toothpaste. Human toothpaste is specifically designed for humans to spit the paste washings out. Dogs cannot do that, so pick a dog toothpaste that is safe enough for dogs to swallow.

Toothbrush. Using a toothbrush in its teeth will take some time for the dog to get used to. Let your dog be acquainted and get used to this is by putting some garlic salt, mix the salt with water, and dip the solution in an old toothbrush. Hold the old brush, and let your pet taste and chew it. Your dog will start to realize that chewing a toothbrush is and tastes good. Make it a habit a few times, until he feels comfortable brushing with it.

Finger brush. You could also use a finger brush instead of a toothbrush. A finger brush is a good alternative, although nothing could replace the good ol' toothbrush. The finger brush just fits onto one's fingertip and can let you brush the dog's teeth without the dog knowing it. Well, at least almost. The disadvantage of getting a finger brush to clean your dog's teeth is that its bristles are quite large for the brush to go under the gumline's margin as effectively compared with regular toothbrush.

Professional cleaning. If you don't want to do the cleaning by yourself, you could take your dog to a veterinarian and have his teeth professionally cleaned. A good veterinarian will take additional measures in ensuring your dog's clean teeth by anesthetizing your dog, scraping the buildup of plaque from all over the gumline areas, and polishing the teeth for a sparkling finish.

Home checkup. Try to make it a regular habit of checking the teeth of your dog for any cracked or broken teeth. If you see some problematic teeth, check promptly with the veterinarian.

Home safety. Of course, cleaning your dog's teeth does not mean you should disregard other areas of concern. Tough substances, such as bones, rocks, hard nylon, or cow hooves should be removed from areas where your dog could see. Buy your dog chewing toys that are safer like rubber-made toys. You could also provide bones that are soft enough for your dog to chew.

Mouthwash. There are some products in the market that deal very well in helping to kill the bacteria in your dog's mouth and could actually help heal damaged gum tissues. Do not forget to ask your veterinarian on the best products in the market.

Dental problems do not only happen to humans. Dogs also have dental issues as well. It is up to the owners on how to help their pet dogs overcome their dental problems.

Wisdom Teeth and Bad Breath

Wisdom Teeth and Bad Breath

Is the back of your mouth aching terribly? Got a swelling gums and bad breath? It could be your wisdom teeth causing the trouble.

Wisdom teeth, as you may know, are the last molar teeth to come out and grow usually at the very back of your lower and upper jaw bones. This phenomenon is so common for people aged 17 to 25 years old, and many have said that these final molar teeth are called “wisdom teeth” because by that age, people become more mature and wise. Well, wisdom teeth can be as useful as the other molar teeth when they grow properly and completely. Unluckily, this is not always the case. There are some instances that wisdom teeth tend to grow ‘impacted’, meaning they erupt partly or may not erupt at all. When this condition occurs, several problems and complications may come along the way. One of the most common but serious problems is bad breath.

Bad breath is a very common condition that affects millions of people throughout the world. It is not a life-threatening condition though, but it can be a cause of embarrassment and poor self-confidence. And as mentioned earlier, wisdom teeth play a large role in bad breath.

Wisdom teeth and bad breath can be considered as inseparable. If wisdom teeth occur, bad breath follows. How? Well, the role of wisdom teeth in bad breath appears to be very vital for maintaining oral health, in the first place. This is the reason actually that people who are currently suffering from the pains of wisdom teeth must know how wisdom teeth and bad breath are related. According to some, wisdom teeth and bad breath is something that should not be ignored as both wisdom teeth and bad breath is two common, yet very serious oral complications.

Now, how exactly are wisdom teeth and bad breath related?

Bad breath is caused primarily by bacteria that build up in the mouth. When wisdom teeth appear impacted, the result would be redness and swelling of the gums, infection of the gum around the tooth, or a serious decay of the tooth itself. In these conditions, the bacteria that live normally in the mouth will tend to grow. They will feast on the decayed tooth, and as they grow in numbers, a foul-smelling breath occurs. With this, it’s no wonder then that most of those who are suffering from wisdom teeth have bad breath.

Aside from that, wisdom teeth and bad breath are related in a way that both problems that need to be cured or treated. Wisdom teeth may cause pains in the mouth, in the head, and even in the neck, while bad breath, although causes no pain, greatly results to embarrassment. With this, wisdom teeth and bad breath should be taken into consideration as early as possible. It’s no wonder then that most of those who have problems with their wisdom teeth and bad breath are highly advised to see a dentist.

So if you are currently suffering from wisdom teeth and bad breath, seeing a dentist is by far the most important decision you can ever make.

Unwrapping The Health Benefits Of Chewing Gum

Unwrapping The Health Benefits Of Chewing Gum

One method used to maintain astronauts' oral health isn't exactly rocket science. It's sugarless chewing gum-and it's not only been linked to healthy teeth, it's been found to have a number of other benefits as well.

Here's a closer look:

Out Of This World

In 1964, NASA began giving astronauts sugarless chewing gum for their space missions. Since the astronauts were fed through a tube, their gums tended to swell because they were not actually chewing their food. Chewing gum helped keep their teeth and gums healthy and strong.

Healthy Smile, Healthy Body

Sugar-free gum has been shown to help reduce the incidence of tooth decay–a condition believed to affect half of all adults and to be the most common chronic childhood disease of childhood. It's estimated that Americans spend $60 billion a year to treat tooth decay-and it is money well spent. Tooth decay can cause tooth loss, which can lead to malnutrition.

More Reason To Smile

The health benefits of gum don't stop there. The makers of Trident sugarless gum, Cadbury Adams USA LLC also offer a product called Trident White. According to Cadbury Adams-the U.S. business unit of confectionery and beverage leader Cadbury Schweppes (NYSE: CSG)–the gum not only whitens teeth and helps prevent stains, it also provides additional oral health benefits. It features Recaldent, a remineralizing ingredient that helps strengthen teeth. The gum's whitening agent is completely nonabrasive (unlike gums that use baking soda to whiten) and does not contribute to tooth sensitivity.

Chew To A New You

An added benefit of chewing gum: It's low in calories. Sugar free gum usually has about five calories. That means it can be a smart way for dieters to help satisfy snack cravings. For instance, Trident Splash is a sugar-free gum that Cadbury Adams says was actually designed to be a great tasting snack alternative that's good for your teeth. The gum is a unique combination of textures-a liquid center surrounded by soft, chewy gum and a sweet, crispy outer shell-and it comes in two surprising flavors: peppermint with vanilla and strawberry with lime.

Not Just Lip Service

According to the National Association of Chewing Gum Manufacturers, chewing gum:

• Relaxes and eases tension

• Helps concentration

• Helps people resist the urge to smoke

• Reduces ear discomfort when flying

• Cleans teeth after meals.

Natural Remedies for Toothaches

Natural Remedies for Toothaches

As hard as we all try to take good care of our teeth, almost everyone experiences a toothache at least once in their life, some more than others. Unfortunately, most toothaches are just severe enough that they can hinder a person’s ability to continue on with their daily tasks. Of course, a dentist should be seen if severe pain is present for more than one week, but many are surprised with the relief they receive from natural remedies. Natural remedies are a great way for the uninsured to seek relief, as well as a great way to treat the pain until a dentist can be seen.

One natural remedy that works great for toothaches is that of onion consumption. There are a number of medical studies that proved that onions have bacterial benefits. For that reason, individuals suffering from a toothache should put a small onion piece on the tooth that is causing them pain. Relief can typically be seen in a manner of minutes. Also, due to the benefits of onions, those who eat a couple of raw onion pieces everyday can protect their teeth. This is because a raw onion can help to kill common germs and bacteria in the mouth that can cause dental complications, such as a cavity.

Another natural remedy and home remedies that is ideal for treating a toothache involves the consumption of garlic. A clove of garlic can be placed on the tooth that is producing the pain. Within a matter of minutes relief will be felt. This relief may even be permanent or it will last the longest, when compared to many other natural and home remedies for toothaches. In addition to garlic, a clove can be placed on the affected tooth. This will not only provide pain relief, but clove is also known to limit the chances of an infection.

Pepper is considered a natural remedy and a home remedy that can help with a toothache that results from a cavity. When using this approach, a pinch of pepper should be placed on a tooth cavity. Many others also recommend adding in about a quarter of a teaspoon of salt to create a salt and pepper combination. As previously stated, this can help to provide relief from a toothache associated with a cavity, but there are other dental benefits associated with this remedy as well. A small mixture of pepper and salt can also provide relief from bad breath and gum problems, such as soft or infected gums.

Read Today Reversing Receding Gum Line Naturally

 

In addition to using the above mentioned home remedies and natural remedies for toothaches, preventative steps should also be taken. This involves seeking regular dental care. A dental checkup is advised at least once a year; however, twice a year is better for those with known dental problems. Another preventative step that can be taken involves limiting the consumption of sugary foods and drinks, such as candy and soft drinks. These food and drinks can increase the chances of a cavity developing. If these sugary food and drinks are consumed, a quick brushing is advised.

Speaking of food and drinks, those that are high in vitamin C and calcium are known to prevent many dental complications, including loose teeth, cavities, and gum disease. Lime is recommended for the healthy maintenance of teeth; however, dairy products, which are high in calcium should also be consumed on a regular basis. If you are a parent, it is advised that you provide your children with a constant source of these calcium and vitamin C rich foods, to limit the dental problems they may have in the future.

As outlined above, a number of natural remedies and home remedies can provide relief with a toothache. With that being said, it is also important to remember that preventative care is advised. Also, although the above mentioned natural remedies will provide most relief from many common dental problems, a visit to a dentist is recommend for those suffering from severe, long-lasting pain.

How Bad Breath Affects Your Self-Esteem

How Bad Breath Affects Your Self-Esteem

As a long time sufferer of bad breath (halitosis) I can still remember the day my girlfriend told me I had puppy breath. As affectionate as that sounds I knew what she really meant was that I had bad breath. Being somewhat shy in the first place, this only compounded my lack of confidence and made me totally aware of my breath problem from that day on.
Rarely was there a date from then on that I didn't have a supply of mints, gum, or some other type of breath altering products available to me. My bad breath was consuming me during my dates with my girlfriend or being in close contact with anyone else for that matter.
If you are one of the millions of sufferers of chronic bad breath then I'm sure you can relate to me. And I'm not alone. According to the ADA, it is estimated that there are over 27 million people in the United States alone that suffer from chronic halitosis. That doesn't include anyone who only suffer from it occassionally.
Bad breath has become an epidemic that affects both young and old, but could be especially devastating to teens and pre-teens as they cope with a whole array of pre-adolescent problems.
What causes bad breath can be attributed to a whole array of underlying issues including, poor oral hygiene, gingivitis, bleeding gums, dry mouth, peridontal disease, tooth decay, or one of many other health related problems including sinus infections, diabeties, and even cancer patients undergoing treatments.
If you're like me then you probably have been trying to just mask the symptoms all these years as you could never find a perminent solution to eliminated the symptoms that have been causing it. But doing just that may be adding to the problem by letting the underlying problem keep compounding.
But did you know that you can effectively treat bad breath and cure it naturally and fast? There are some excellent products online that can give you the resources to combat the symptoms and eliminate your problem in as little as a few days. So if you're tired of being embarrassed by bad breath and what to do about it then you owe it to yourself to investigate alternative methods in helping you cure this self-conscience robbing problem.